By Jubin Katiraie
A powerful system of political patronage, nepotism, and cronyism pervade all sectors of Iran's economy. Bribes are often given to obtain services, permits, or public contracts.
By Pooya Stone
These days, bitumen and its rents have provoked many reactions and discussion among economic experts and activists. In this respect, an expert recently revealed that politicians owning bitumen-making plants are behind the free bitumen plan. However, the issue is too plain and simple. Influential Iranian politicians and MPs are exploiting the law to fill their pockets.